7400 New Year, the
With the exception of one reference (Ex 12:2) the New Year is never specifically dated. The religious calendar apparently began in the spring and the agricultural calendar in the autumn. Later Judaism began its calendar in the autumn.
Evidence that the autumn was regarded as the New Year
The dedication of Solomon’s temple 1Ki 8:2 Solomon waited 11 months after the completion of the temple (see 1Ki 6:38), before dedicating it, most likely because the great Feast of Tabernacles marked the beginning of the year.
Ezekiel’s vision of the new temple Eze 40:1 This vision of the new temple takes place at the beginning of the year. The “tenth of the month” refers presumably to the seventh month.
Jeroboam’s institution of an autumnal festival 1Ki 12:32 This autumn festival was clearly intended to be equivalent not only to the feast in Judah, but also to other pagan New Year festivals, in spite of the eighth month being distinctive. See also 1Ki 12:33
Evidence that the spring was regarded as the New Year
Occasions associating the New Year with the autumn
The Day of Atonement Lev 23:27
Occasions associating the New Year with the spring
The Feast of Firstfruits Lev 23:10-11 This is also known as the Feast of Weeks (Ex 23:16; Lev 23:9-21).
|7308||Atonement, Day of|
|7357||Feast of Firstfruits|
|7358||Feast of Tabernacles|
|7360||Feast of Unleavened Bread|