Literally “master”, used to refer to a variety of local gods in the Near East, encountered by Israel in Canaan. In the later period, the word comes to refer especially to the local god of the city of Tyre (Baal Melgart), on account of the increasing importance of that city in the region.
The history of Baal worship
In the time of Elijah 1Ki 17:1 The proclamation of a drought and the contest on Carmel challenged the supposed power of Baal. See also 1Ki 16:30-33; 1Ki 18:18-19:1; 1Ki 22:53; 2Ki 10:18-29; 2Ki 11:17-18