A song of mourning or sorrow. Laments may be occasioned by bereavement, personal trouble, national disaster or the judgment of God.
Lamentation occasioned by bereavement
Lamentation occasioned by personal trouble
Lamentation occasioned by national disaster
Lamentation occasioned by the judgment of God on Israel
Am 5:1-2 The call to lament is sometimes meant as a warning of impending judgment; La 1:1 The book of Lamentations is a series of laments after the fall of Jerusalem. See also Isa 3:24-26; Isa 29:1-2; Jer 4:7-8; Jer 7:29; Jer 9:10,17-21; La 2:5; Eze 2:9-10; Eze 19:1-14
Lamentation occasioned by the judgment of God on other nations
Lamentation as a sign of repentance