In OT times, the commercial, religious and political capital of Babylonia, which was the dominant power in the Near East in the sixth century
The founding of Babylon
Ge 10:8-10 Shinar was an alternative name for Babylon.
Biblical events prior to the exile in Babylon
Inhabitants of Babylon exiled to Samaria See also 2Ki 17:24-33
Envoys from Babylon visit Hezekiah 2Ki 20:12-19 pp Isa 39:1-8 Hezekiah’s reception of the envoys was designed to lead to a coalition against Assyria, but in the end it brought about the very opposite of what he had hoped for.
Manasseh, king of Judah, exiled to Babylon 2Ch 33:10-11
Exile in Babylon
Advice for those exiled in Babylon Jer 29:4-14
Cyrus king of Babylon decrees that the Jerusalem temple should be rebuilt
Babylon, an instrument of divine judgment
The fall of Babylon
Babylon conquered by Darius Da 5:30-31
Babylon used figuratively
By Peter See also 1Pe 5:13 Babylon is traditionally interpreted as Rome, but may also mean Mesopotamian Babylon, Egyptian Babylon, or Jerusalem.
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