An OT institution, person, place or event regarded as anticipating the person of Jesus Christ or some aspect of the Christian faith or life.
OT foreshadowings of Jesus Christ
OT institutions as types
Marriage: Jesus Christ’s union with his people Eph 5:30-32 See also Ge 2:22-24 Adam may be viewed as a figure of Jesus Christ, and Eve, of the church, formed in Christ, loved and united with him; Ps 45:10-11; Mt 9:15; Mt 25:1; Jn 3:29; Eph 5:25-27; Rev 19:7; Rev 21:2
The tabernacle: Jesus Christ’s coming among his people Jn 1:14 The context shows that “The Word” is Jesus Christ; “made his dwelling” involves the idea of pitching a tent and reflects the tabernacle which was pitched among the Israelites and filled with God’s glory; so Christ has pitched his tent among his people and revealed his glory. See also Ex 25:8; Ex 40:34-35
The high priesthood: Jesus Christ as intercessor Heb 7:23-28 See also Ex 29:1-7; Lev 16:11-17; Heb 4:14-16; Heb 5:1-5 Jesus Christ, the great high priest, is both human and divine; Heb 9:11-12; Heb 10:11-12 Note the contrast between the many OT sacrifices and Jesus Christ’s once-for-all offering of himself.
Sacrifices: Jesus Christ as substitute Ro 3:25 See also Lev 4:13-15,25-35 Hands laid on the head of the sacrifice symbolised the transfer of guilt and its consequences to another. A perfect animal was required; Isa 53:4-12; Mk 15:25-37; 2Co 5:15; Gal 2:20; 1Pe 3:18
Redemption: release from sin Mt 20:28 pp Mk 10:45 “Redemption” and “ransom” both involve buying back that which has been lost. See also Ex 13:11-13; Ex 21:28-32; Job 19:25; Ps 78:35; Isa 41:14; Ro 3:24; 1Co 6:20 Redemption from the “curse of the law”: Gal 3:13; Gal 4:5
Eph 1:7 Blood is the ransom price for the forgiveness of sin; 1Ti 2:6; Tit 2:14; Heb 9:15
OT places as types
OT people as types
Adam: Jesus Christ as the head of his people 1Co 15:21-22 See also Ge 3:17-19; Ro 5:12-20 Just as Adam was the representative of all humanity in the fall, so Jesus Christ is the representative of all who inherit salvation.
OT events as types
|2306||Christ, high priest|
|2312||Christ as king|
|2315||Christ as Lamb|
|5083||Adam, and Christ|
|7140||people of God|